Suzhou, a city in eastern Jiangsu Province,
is situated in the geographical center of the Yangtze
River Delta. It is neighboring Shanghai in the east
and the Taihu Lake in the west, with 219 kilometers
to the Nanjing City in the west and 80 to the downtown
of Shanghai City in the east. The Suzhou City, as the
southeastern door of Jiangsu Province and the throat
of Shanghai City, becomes a necessary pass to Zhejiang
Province from the middle and north region of Jiangsu.
The Suzhou City is a famous historical and
cultural city with a history of 2500 years. It was established
in 514 B.C., known as Gusu. And until 581 A.D during
the Sui Dynasty, it took its name Suzhou. The old city
has generally retained the unique characteristics of
the past. The city is featured in elegant natural scenery.
It enjoys beautifully natural scenery, and the water
and hills in Suzhou is as charming as a delicate beauty.
Small bridges and flowing waters, white walls and dark
gray roof tiles match one another in tranquil elegance.
Nevertheless, Suzhou is most famous for
its poetic and picturesque gardens. It is known that
the gardens of the south area of the Yangtze River are
best from east to west, and the gardens in Suzhou are
best in the south area of the Yangtze River. There are
about 60 gardens and courtyards, as well as 416 protected
historic interests in the whole Suzhou City. Most of
them still remain the original characters of the past.
With lots of poems left in the gardens. And the Humble
Administrator's Garden and the Lingering Garden in Suzhou
are ranking in the four most famous gardens of china.