1509 during the Ming Dynasty , is located in the No.178
Northeast Street of Suzhou City. It is the largest and
most renowned classical landscape garden in Suzhou,
covering an area of 78 Mu. As one of four most famous
gardens in china, it is a 5A tourist spot and listed
in the Key National Historical Conservation Units and
valuable cultural relics in the world.
Taking water as the mainline, the arrangement
in the garden is very natural in space. The water is
wide and peaceful on the surface. Pools are built in
the center with pavilion and lofts standing around,
Louchuang and wingding corridors connecting with each
other. Endless waters, winding paths, sheer hills, old
trees, green bamboos and all kinds of flowers bring
the tourists into a quiet and far-away world.
It consists of Eastern, Western and Central
parks as well as residences of the former owners.
The Eastern Section covers an area
of 31 MU and is divided into four tourist spots. Cross
the porch and the courtyard, though the Xuelan Tang,
you will find yourself in the eastern garden. On the
east of the garden is a vast lawn with earth pile hill
standing in the west. Above the hill is wooden pavilions
surrounded by flowing water and willow. The main attractions
are Lan Xue Tang, Pinery Lawn and Tianquan Pavilion.
The main building is the Cymbidium Goeingii Hall . Lan
Xue Tang's south wall has a panoramic map of the entire
The western region of the Zhuozhengyuan
Garden covers an area of half and 12
Mu. With the pools for the center, the circuitous water
connects to the large pool in the center. Besides the
former attractions such as the tower shadow Pavilion
and the Stay and Listen Pavilion, Flos Daturae View
and Saliu Mandarin Duck Guan, meaning 18 Camellias Hall
in English 36 Pairs of Mandarin Duck's Hall in English,
are newly built. They are divided into the south part
and the north part with partition board. In summer we
can share the view in the north park that Mandarin Ducks
swimming on the pool where planted with many lotus.
Wile in winter, it is better to appreciate the delicate
stacking man-made rocks and blossoming camellias.
The Central Section is the main and elite
part of the garden with an area of half and 18 Mu. Nearly
one-third of its area is covered by water. Pavilions,
towers and terraces are built around the central pool;
some even are built in the water. The poll is vast trees
are green with buildings of different shapes arranged
by the water. It has well remained the garden pattern
of the Ming Dynasty, which is pristine and bright. The
Hall of Distant Fragrance is the main building that
is named after a lotus pool nearby. When summer comes,
all the lotuses are in blossoming in the pool with special
fragrance wafted into the building. Most names of the
building in the central section are related to the lotuses
for the builder was aiming at expressing his lofty quality
Garden is the
represent of the gardens in the south region of Yangtze
River and considered as the mother of Chinese gardens.
With its classical and gorgeous gardens, it has been
a valuable cultural relic both in China and world.