Jade Buddha Temple
its name suggested, Jade Buddha Temple is well-known
for the jade Buddhas in it. There are three Buddhas
in Jade Buddha Temple. Two of them were brought back
from Burma by Master Hui Gen in 1882, the first abbot
of the temple. The other one was carried back from Singapore
by Master Zhen Chan in -------, the 10th abbot of the
As to the two jade Buddhas from Burma, there is a story
behind them concerning the very foundation of the temple.
Back in Qing Dynasty (1636 ¨C 1911A.D.), Master
Hui Gen went on a long journey to visit shrine mountains
of Buddhism in China. He started from Putuo Mountain
in Zhejiang, then Wutai Mountain in Shanxi, Emei Mountain
in Sichuan, Tibet and finally he reached his destination,
Burma. When he found that Burma abounded with jade,
he decided to have some statues of Buddha caved out
of the superb jade. With the help of some donations
and his hard efforts, Master Hui Gen managed to get
enough jade to make five scriptures of Buddha. On the
return journey, he left two of the jade Buddhas ¨C
the other three back in Putuo Mountain ¨C in Shanghai
in 1882, and they are now the ones enshrined in the
Sleeping Buddha Hall and Jade Buddha Hall.
2 meter high and adorned with emerald and other precious
stones, the jade Buddha in sitting position is a stature
of Sakyamuni reaching his supreme spiritual enlightenment,
a state in which he transcended desire, suffering, all
the other worldly affairs and attained nirvana. Eyes
half-closed, legs-crossed and a smile at the corner
of his mouth, Buddha appears serene and peaceful. The
sleek lines and the perfect proportion of the statue
prove that it was caved with masterly techniques.
The sleeping Buddha from Burma was carved in green jade
stone and is an image of Buddha at the end of his life.
Historically, after 40 years of preaching about Buddhism,
Sakyamuni died lying on his right side, with one hand
supporting his head and the other resting on the waist.
The statue captures the peace of his death and the transcendence
of pain and suffering.
Besides the two jade Buddhas, Jade Buddha
Temple offers a dazzling display of Buddhist antiques,
including a Guanyin Bodhisattva carving made of jujube
wood, a bronze Buddha statue and a stone carving of
Guanyin Bodhisattva of Northern Wei Dynasty (386 ¨C
557A.D.), a scripture written in Tang Dynasty in a Dunhuang
Grotto, a wood carving of the Spirit Vulture Peak in
Shanghai Travel Attractions
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